John Stuart Mill (1806–73). On Liberty . Vol. 25, pp. 195-203 of The Harvard Classics "Democracy" has not always been the choice of oppressed people. The tyranny of the majority is a recognized evil as harmful as the misrule of a king. And rather than exchange a lesser evil for a greater, a rule by king has often been preferred to a republic. Chapter I Introductory T HE SUBJECT of this Essay is not the so-called Liberty of the Will, so unfortunately opposed to the misnamed doctrine of Philosophical Necessity; but Civil, or Social Liberty: the nature and limits of the power which can be legitimately exercised by society over the individual. A question seldom stated, and hardly ever discussed, in general terms, but which profoundly influences the practical controversies of the age by its latent presence, and is likely soon to make itself recognized as the vital question of the future. It is so far from being new, that, in a certain sense, it has divi
William Shakespeare (1564–1616). The Tragedy of Macbeth . Vol. 46, pp. 357-365 of The Harvard Classics Macbeth, spurred on by the ambitious and crafty Lady Macbeth, committed murder to secure the crown of Scotland. But he paid dearly for his gain. Ghostly guests appeared at his banquet and threatened him with dire threats. (Shakespeare's Globe Theatre burned June 29, 1613.) Act III Scene IV [The same. Hall in the palace] A banquet prepar’d. Enter MACBETH, LADY MACBETH, ROSS, LENNOX, Lords, and Attendants Macb. You know your own degrees; sit down. At first And last, the hearty welcome. Lords. Thanks to your Majesty. Macb. Ourself will mingle with society And play the humble host. Our hostess keeps her state, 1 but in best time We will require her welcome. Lady M. Pronounce it for me, sir, to all our friends, For my heart speaks they are welcome.